Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is a part of Labour
and Employment Department, Govt. of Gujarat. Directorate
Industrial Safety and Health, Govt. of Gujarat. previously
was known as Factory Inspectorate, but after declaration
of new designations for Factory Inspectors by state govt;
this administration is now Directorate Industrial Safety
and Health. It is functioning under direct control of Director
Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State. For efficient
administration and effective control, state is divided in
to four administrative regions namely Ahmedabad , Vadodara,
Surat and Rajkot. These regions are under control of Jt.
Director Industrial Safety and Health for relevant region.The
Directorate Industrial Safety and Health looks after the
implementation of following statues
The Factories Act 1948 and Gujarat Factories Rules,
The Environment Protection Act, 1986
The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous
Chemical Rules, 1989
Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness
and Response ) Rules, 1996
The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation
of Employment and
Condition of Service) Act, 1996
Gujarat Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation
of Employment and
Condition of Service) Rules-2003
The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 and Rules there under
The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 and Rules there under
The Gujarat Physically Handicapped Persons (Employment
in Factories) Act, 1982
The Gujarat Payment of Unemployment Allowance to
workmen (In Factories) Act,
The Cotton Ginning and Pressing Factories Act, 1925
The history of Factories Act is more than 100 years old.
First time the Indian Factories Act was enacted in 1881.After
independence, 'The Factories Act, 1948' was made applicable
in the country mainly to regulate health, safety, welfare
and working conditions of Industrial workers. It has been
amended from time to time, but the major amendments were
enacted in 1976 and in 1987, wherein emphasis has been laid
on safety in general and chemical safety in particular.
To strengthen safety in chemical factories, Government of
Gujarat amended the 'Gujarat Factories Rules, 1963' in February
The departmental Hierarchy is Director Industrial Safety
and Health > Joint Director Industrial Safety and Health
>Deputy Director Industrial Safety and Health > Assistant
Director Industrial Safety and Health > Industrial Safety
and Health Officer
To look after welfare of female workers, Lady Inspector
of Factories has also been appointed under the Factories
All the inspecting officers have been declared as Assistant
Public Prosecutors for purpose of Factories Act.The Directorate
Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State has also been
declared authority under certain section of Environment
Protection Act, 1986 and Manufacture, Storage, Import of
Hazardous Chemicals, Rules, 1989, as amended in 1994.
Under Environment Protection Act, 1986, the Government of
India has framed chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning,
Preparedness and response) Rules, 1996, where the Inspector
of factories performs the duties as member secretary
of various crisis groups constituted under these rules
through out the state.
The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health officers have
also been appointed as inspectors under The Building and
Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and
Condition of Service) Act, 1996.
Construction sector has huge employment and the newly given
responsibility is a real big challenge for the wing. Implementation
of the new legislation is recently started.
The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health officers have
also been appointed as inspectors under the Payment of Wages
Act, 1936, so far as the factories registered under the
Factories Act, 1948 are concerned. For effective implementation
of the Act, Payment of Wages Inspector is also appointed.
The officers of this wing have also been notified as Inspectors
under Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.
The Government of Gujarat has enacted Gujarat physically
Handicapped persons (Employment in Factories) Act, 1982.
Under this legislation all Inspecting officers under DISH
have been appointed as Inspector for implementation of this
The Government of Gujarat has also enacted "The Gujarat
Payment of Unemployment Allowances to Workmen (in Factories)
Act, 1981". The employer is required to pay 50% wages
to workers in the event of power-cut, if he is unable to
provide alternative employment to workers within 8 Kms form
the normal working place provided that the power cut is
notified by Government. This wing also looks after the implementation
of this Act.
The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health implements
technical in nature, the officers appointed are mostly engineers,
qualified in various disciplines of engineering. Looking
to major concentration of chemical factories in the state,
the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health has constituted
a multi-disciplinary specialist cell in each region headed
by Joint Director Industrial Safety and Health. Moreover
one Assistant Director Industrial Safety and Health (chemical)
has been appointed for assisting and advising Chief Inspectors
of Factories about hazards and safety in chemical factories.
To assist legal matters, Law officers have been appointed
in Ahmedabad and Vadodara Regions.To measure and monitor
the ill effects of chemicals, cotton dust, Asbestos dust
and Silica dust etc., Industrial Hygiene Laboratory has
been established under the Chief Inspector of Factories.
It is headed by Dy. Director of occupational health and
consists of Medical Inspectors of Factories, Certifying
Surgeons and other technical staff.
The main objectives of the Directorate Industrial Safety and
Health is to ensure safety, health, welfare and working conditions
of workers working in factories by effectively enforcing the
provisions of the Factories Act and others labour legislating.
It is also to ensure the protection of rights of workers and
to redress their grievances.
The Factory wing supervises and advises in eliminating unsafe
condition, actions and situations. It also wants to keep constant
watch on factories dealing with hazardous chemicals by way
of regularly sampling and carrying out medical checkup workers
employed in such processes.
The factory wing has the objective of preventing any major
industrial disaster with help of disaster control plans already
prepared for areas having more concentration of hazardous
industries. Also to promote the concept of mutual aid system
which would be useful especially to small-scale industries.
It is also the objective of the factory wing to Act as a Friend,
Philosopher and guide to one and all in creating safe working
The mission of Factory wing is to have effective implementation
of various legislations enforced by it and also to protect
health and safety of workers. It is also to ensure that such
workers work in best possible working conditions and their
basic needs are satisfied. To eradicate the pain and agony
of workers, special emphasis is laid on accident prevention.
So that we may not have a society of sick and injured people.
Over and above welfare of the workers is to be achieved by
adopting various popular methods of modern management which
would help in generating the feeling of brotherhood amongst
workers, supervisors and management leading to welfare state.
It is a motto of the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health
that "Sukhi Kamndar means Sukhi Gujarat"
which is supplementary to the motto of the state "Aapnu
Gujarat, Aagavu Gujarat".
The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State
has been implementing various labour laws for the betterment
and up liftment of weaker section of the society i.e., industrial
workers labour legislations being the part of social securities
the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health follows the guidelines
issued by I.L.O in the form of various conventions from time
to time. State of Gujarat , being, industrially one of the
leading states, the concept of safe guarding the interest
of industries is also taken into consideration as it is going
to help in generating more employment for the society. Looking
to the global competition and national interests, it has become
utmost necessary that not only the interest of workers are
protected and industrial growth is ensured but environment
is also protected for maintaining ecological balance.
It is the vision of Directorate Industrial Safety and Health
to provide simplified administrative procedures especially
as regards to small-scale industries. To ensure these common
returns under various laws is under active consideration of
the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health.
The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is taking steps
towards computerization and data base management, which would
result in better transparency and efficient administration.
In this regards it is also planned to interconnect all the
offices and computers of offices of Directorate Industrial
Safety and Health by Wide Area Network. As the need of time
Directorate Industrial Safety and Health has been following
modern information technology usage for efficient and public
centric administration. A special application software for
efficient and transparent administration is under testing
and will be shortly implemented.
A very comprehensive and informative website for the Directorate
Industrial Safety and Health as a part of Website of Labour
and Employment was hosted. Now as Grant in Aid projects two
websites exclusive on Safety in Chemical Industries
and Safety in Non Chemical Industries are to
be hosted shortly.
The chemical industry in the state has grown by leaps and
bounds, which has necessitated the need for improved safety
standards. To achieve this the Directorate Industrial Safety
and Health intends to conduct and propagate safety programs
for workers, managements and general public as well as for
officers of wing.
With steps being proposed to be taken by the Directorate Industrial
Safety and Health we are sure to create a society which would
be at par with the standards prevailing in developed countries,
so that generations to come inherit prosperous economy and
live in an ideal environment.