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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management
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Preamble

• Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is a part of Labour and Employment Department, Govt. of Gujarat. Directorate Industrial Safety and Health, Govt. of Gujarat. previously was known as Factory Inspectorate, but after declaration of new designations for Factory Inspectors by state govt; this administration is now Directorate Industrial Safety and Health. It is functioning under direct control of Director Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State. For efficient administration and effective control, state is divided in to four administrative regions namely Ahmedabad , Vadodara, Surat and Rajkot. These regions are under control of Jt. Director Industrial Safety and Health for relevant region.The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health looks after the implementation of following statues

• The Factories Act 1948 and Gujarat Factories Rules, 1963
• The Environment Protection Act, 1986
• The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989
• Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response ) Rules, 1996
• The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and
   Condition of Service) Act, 1996
• Gujarat Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and
  Condition of Service) Rules-2003
• The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 and Rules there under
• The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 and Rules there under
• The Gujarat Physically Handicapped Persons (Employment in Factories) Act, 1982
• The Gujarat Payment of Unemployment Allowance to workmen (In Factories) Act,
   1981
• The Cotton Ginning and Pressing Factories Act, 1925

The history of Factories Act is more than 100 years old. First time the Indian Factories Act was enacted in 1881.After independence, 'The Factories Act, 1948' was made applicable in the country mainly to regulate health, safety, welfare and working conditions of Industrial workers. It has been amended from time to time, but the major amendments were enacted in 1976 and in 1987, wherein emphasis has been laid on safety in general and chemical safety in particular. To strengthen safety in chemical factories, Government of Gujarat amended the 'Gujarat Factories Rules, 1963' in February 1995.

The departmental Hierarchy is Director Industrial Safety and Health > Joint Director Industrial Safety and Health >Deputy Director Industrial Safety and Health > Assistant Director Industrial Safety and Health > Industrial Safety and Health Officer
To look after welfare of female workers, Lady Inspector of Factories has also been appointed under the Factories Act, 1948.

All the inspecting officers have been declared as Assistant Public Prosecutors for purpose of Factories Act.The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State has also been declared authority under certain section of Environment Protection Act, 1986 and Manufacture, Storage, Import of Hazardous Chemicals, Rules, 1989, as amended in 1994.

Under Environment Protection Act, 1986, the Government of India has framed chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and response) Rules, 1996, where the Inspector of factories performs the duties as member secretary of various crisis groups constituted under these rules through out the state.

The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health officers have also been appointed as inspectors under The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Act, 1996.

Construction sector has huge employment and the newly given responsibility is a real big challenge for the wing. Implementation of the new legislation is recently started.

The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health officers have also been appointed as inspectors under the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, so far as the factories registered under the Factories Act, 1948 are concerned. For effective implementation of the Act, Payment of Wages Inspector is also appointed.

The officers of this wing have also been notified as Inspectors under Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.

The Government of Gujarat has enacted Gujarat physically Handicapped persons (Employment in Factories) Act, 1982. Under this legislation all Inspecting officers under DISH have been appointed as Inspector for implementation of this Act.

The Government of Gujarat has also enacted "The Gujarat Payment of Unemployment Allowances to Workmen (in Factories) Act, 1981". The employer is required to pay 50% wages to workers in the event of power-cut, if he is unable to provide alternative employment to workers within 8 Kms form the normal working place provided that the power cut is notified by Government. This wing also looks after the implementation of this Act.

The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health implements technical in nature, the officers appointed are mostly engineers, qualified in various disciplines of engineering. Looking to major concentration of chemical factories in the state, the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health has constituted a multi-disciplinary specialist cell in each region headed by Joint Director Industrial Safety and Health. Moreover one Assistant Director Industrial Safety and Health (chemical) has been appointed for assisting and advising Chief Inspectors of Factories about hazards and safety in chemical factories.

To assist legal matters, Law officers have been appointed in Ahmedabad and Vadodara Regions.To measure and monitor the ill effects of chemicals, cotton dust, Asbestos dust and Silica dust etc., Industrial Hygiene Laboratory has been established under the Chief Inspector of Factories. It is headed by Dy. Director of occupational health and consists of Medical Inspectors of Factories, Certifying Surgeons and other technical staff.

Objectives


The main objectives of the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is to ensure safety, health, welfare and working conditions of workers working in factories by effectively enforcing the provisions of the Factories Act and others labour legislating. It is also to ensure the protection of rights of workers and to redress their grievances.

The Factory wing supervises and advises in eliminating unsafe condition, actions and situations. It also wants to keep constant watch on factories dealing with hazardous chemicals by way of regularly sampling and carrying out medical checkup workers employed in such processes.

The factory wing has the objective of preventing any major industrial disaster with help of disaster control plans already prepared for areas having more concentration of hazardous industries. Also to promote the concept of mutual aid system which would be useful especially to small-scale industries.

It is also the objective of the factory wing to Act as a Friend, Philosopher and guide to one and all in creating safe working conditions.

Mission


The mission of Factory wing is to have effective implementation of various legislations enforced by it and also to protect health and safety of workers. It is also to ensure that such workers work in best possible working conditions and their basic needs are satisfied. To eradicate the pain and agony of workers, special emphasis is laid on accident prevention. So that we may not have a society of sick and injured people.

Over and above welfare of the workers is to be achieved by adopting various popular methods of modern management which would help in generating the feeling of brotherhood amongst workers, supervisors and management leading to welfare state.

It is a motto of the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health that "Sukhi Kamndar means Sukhi Gujarat" which is supplementary to the motto of the state "Aapnu Gujarat, Aagavu Gujarat".

Vision


The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State has been implementing various labour laws for the betterment and up liftment of weaker section of the society i.e., industrial workers labour legislations being the part of social securities the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health follows the guidelines issued by I.L.O in the form of various conventions from time to time. State of Gujarat , being, industrially one of the leading states, the concept of safe guarding the interest of industries is also taken into consideration as it is going to help in generating more employment for the society. Looking to the global competition and national interests, it has become utmost necessary that not only the interest of workers are protected and industrial growth is ensured but environment is also protected for maintaining ecological balance.

It is the vision of Directorate Industrial Safety and Health to provide simplified administrative procedures especially as regards to small-scale industries. To ensure these common returns under various laws is under active consideration of the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health.

The Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is taking steps towards computerization and data base management, which would result in better transparency and efficient administration. In this regards it is also planned to interconnect all the offices and computers of offices of Directorate Industrial Safety and Health by Wide Area Network. As the need of time Directorate Industrial Safety and Health has been following modern information technology usage for efficient and public centric administration. A special application software for efficient and transparent administration is under testing and will be shortly implemented.

A very comprehensive and informative website for the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health as a part of Website of Labour and Employment was hosted. Now as Grant in Aid projects two websites exclusive on “Safety in Chemical Industries” and “ Safety in Non Chemical Industries “ are to be hosted shortly.

The chemical industry in the state has grown by leaps and bounds, which has necessitated the need for improved safety standards. To achieve this the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health intends to conduct and propagate safety programs for workers, managements and general public as well as for officers of wing.

With steps being proposed to be taken by the Directorate Industrial Safety and Health we are sure to create a society which would be at par with the standards prevailing in developed countries, so that generations to come inherit prosperous economy and live in an ideal environment.

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