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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management
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DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITY OF SAFETY PERSONNEL AND OTHERS
WORKING FOR PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF DISASTERS

INTRODUCTION

What is Disaster?

Dictionary meaning for disaster is "a happening that causes great damage or harm, a serious sudden misfortune or a calamity ". How ever it is often used a misnomer with any type of emergency. In fact every emergency or accidental event need not be equated with disastrous event. It goes much farther than those of covered in the scope of handling an accident or emergency situation. Disaster are the most unmanageable events and dealing with them calls for additional skills, strategy, resources etc.

DUTIES / RESPONSIBILITY OF SAFETY PERSONNELS

The important functions of safety officers are well defined under the special notification on Safety Officer's Rules issued by the Department of labour, Government of Gujarat way back in 1983. it is heartening to note that our state is one of the pioneers in framing and implementing a good number of safety related statues especially for MAH industries.
Safety personnel are the real facilitators in any type of prevention / protection / mitigation whether the incidents are of the nature of injuries, incidents mishaps, fires or events of disastrous consequences.
By virtue of their unquestionable and acceptable positions in the organization the safety officers can and should contribute every thing under their command to handle the disasters.

TYPES OF THE DISASTERS ENCOUNTERED

1) Natural / Environmental
e.g. Floods, Cyclones, Tycoons, Tornadoes, Earthquake, Volcano eruptions, Droughts etc.

2) Manmade
e.g. Industrial Accidents, Fires, Mishaps, Environmental pollution, Strikes, Sabotage, Arson, Mob Violence, Unrest etc.
Irrespective of whether they are in any of the above mentioned category, Safety personnel are required to be involved in a responsible manner to help the employer or civic authorities or general public in managing the events.

Following duties / responsibilities can be taken up by them

1) Scaling up of all disastrous scenarios that can occur in their areas and inform the same to the concerned.

2) Drafting of a Disaster management plan and circulating/educating all concerned above same on approval of the draft.

3) Pooling of all types of resources and mobilizing them. e.g. PPEs, Safety for related instruments, devices etc and training every one to use the same.

4) Identifying and listing of both internal and externally available resources including trained man power.

5) Marking of important safety related features like escape route/ evacuation/access/location of PPEs/fire alarm points/emergency showers etc.

6) Handling of mutual aid system with neighboring industries.

7) Periodical training on disaster management for own employees and out side personnel.

8) Organizing mockup exercises, performance evaluation of the same followed by high lighting the strong and weak points.

9) Procurement and upkeep of safety gears and periodical audit to ensure that they are always available for emergencies.

10) Arrangements of MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet)

11) Constant liaison with statutory bodies about the status of the events

12) If decided by Management, working as companies spokes person or PRO or assisting PRO on the same.

13) Keep follow-up of recommendations for improvements as observed during the handling of situation.

14) Educating customers / transporters including extending help to them during disasters at their end.

15) Community awareness programmes through leaflets / pamphlets, exhibitions, videos, slides, cables TV transmissions, etc.

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