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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management
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 DISASTER MANAGEMENT AWARENESS CAMPAIGN
INTRODUCTION
Now a day in this global world each & every thing is important. So any type of loss is not tolerable. A major emergency in a workplace is the one, which has potential to cause serious injury or loss of life. It may cause extensive damage to property and serious disruption to the environment.

DISASTER

Dictionary meaning of disaster is complete failure or in other word sudden or great misfortune. But in real sense disaster is " An emergency occurring at any installation may cause injuries or loss of life or damage to property or disruption at anywhere. The emergency can be as a result of abnormal function. If emergency becomes uncontrollable and leads to damage to life and property, it may be define as a disaster. In short Disaster and Emergency have same meaning.
So in short we can say when emergency is out of control it is disaster.


TYPES OF DISASTER

After knowing what is disaster. Every one wants to know types of disaster.
Broadly speaking there are mainly two types of disaster.
1. Man Made Disaster.
2. Natural Disaster
.

1. Man Made Disaster.

Disaster, which can be avoided by taking necessary precautions. In other way disaster happens due to human error or mistake is called man made disaster. Man Made Disaster can occur due to :
• Fire.
• Industrial Disaster
• Bank robbery.
• High way accident.
• Sabotage.
• External & internal war.
• Collapse of structures etc.

Above disaster can be avoided or we can say minimizes its effect

2. Natural Disaster

Natural disaster is the disaster, which can not be predicted or controlled or nor even due to any human error. When this type of disaster occurs we have to face these type of disaster by well planned and co-ordination of different workforce. Following are some of the Natural disaster.

• Earthquake.
• Flood.
• Hurricanes.
• Radiation accidents etc.

 

DISASTER MANAGEMENT

When any type of disaster occurs we have to act in such a way that we can save human life & property at the earliest possible time, this is known as disaster management. In other word to manage the emergency (Disaster) very effectively & rapidly to normalize human life and property is called Disaster (Emergency) management.

OBJECTIVES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Controlling the emergency, localizing the emergency and eliminating the hazard.
Welfare of person managing the Disaster.
Head-Count and rescue operations.
Treatment of injured.
Safeguarding others by timely evacuation.
Minimizing damage to property and environment.
Informing and assisting relatives.
Informing and collaborating with statutory authorities.
Informing the news media.
Preserving records and organizing investigation.
Ensuring safety of the works before personnel re-enter and resume work.
Investigating and taking steps to prevent recurrence.
Restoring normalcy.

IMPORTANCE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT AWARENESS CAMPAIGN
Now a day world is moving too fast and progressing like anything. One famous sentence is " Every coin has two side." Same way with progress some types of hidden risk / disaster are attached. Everybody knows how to manage the risk / disaster involve with. Same way everybody knows the disaster management. But disaster management will work if everybody aware regarding own role and take suitable & timely decision at the time of disaster. So that missing dimension in disaster management is crucial eventhough adequate knowledge of disaster management. So to create awareness this Disaster Awareness Campaign is launched throughout Gujarat State.
BACKGROUND OF GUJARAT STATE
Gujarat is basically very peace & cultural state among the other state of India. Gujarat is very progressive state in the field of Industries in India. Industrial safety and health is very important to minimize the industrial disaster. Directorate Industrial Safety and Health is playing very important role in the field of Industrial Safety and Health of the workers and public in the vicinity. Gujarat has classified Chemical Industries in Four groups i.e. MAH (Major Accident Hazards), A type, B type & C type. In Gujarat total 497 MAH installations, which is the 32% (appr.) of India. Which is the highest in India. In other way Gujarat is also very prone to Industrial Disaster as compare to other state of India. Gujarat has golden corridor starts from Ahmedabad to Valsad for the Industries. This golden corridor itself have 50% (appr.) of Gujarat MAH installations.

Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Government of Gujarat, aims not only for regulation of labours in factories but to minimize the industrial disaster by way of reduce the accidents. Gujarat State has highest number of MAH installations in the country. Appreciably, Gujarat is the first state to have classified all the chemical industries as per the gravity of hazards. The Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State also has the credit of being the pioneer in the preparation of off-site Emergency plan and off site control room under the chairmanship of the respective District Collectors. Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health enforces the Factories Act and other Safety Laws. Directorate aims to uplift the Health and Safety standards of the employees by way of enforcement and awareness programs. As part the said aim unique campaign named "Disaster Management Awareness Campaign" was launched in Gujarat State. This is the unique and first time effort by the Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health, Government of Gujarat. This Campaign launched jointly with Prajapita Bramhakumari Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya - Scientist & Engineer wing & Gujarat Safety Council. This campaign was started from Valsad on 31st August 2005 & summarized at Ahmedabad on 18th September 2005 with following objectives

To educate regarding different disasters and their ill effects.
To create public awareness to combat disasters to reduce damages.
To initiate co-ordination of scientific & spiritual knowledge for effective & better disaster management.
To improve quality of human life through mental peace.
To increase public participation for disaster management.

ROUT CHART OF THE CAMPAIGN
 

Sr.

Date

Place

Participants

1

31/08/2005

Valsad District

 

 

 

Atul

440

 

 

Vapi (3 Prog.)

465

 

 

Umergoan

100

 

 

Selvas

102

2

01/09/2005

Navsari District

 

 

 

TISCO, GIDC, GEB

345

 

 

Udyognagar, Tata

 

 

 

Surat District

 

 

 

ONGC

70

 

 

Essar Steel Ltd.

175

3

02/09/2005

Surat District

 

 

 

Pandesara GIDC

72

 

 

Kribhco

187

 

 

Reliace Surat

150

 

 

Chalthan Sugar

107

 

 

Diamond Association Hall

155

4

03/09/2005

Bharuch District

 

 

 

Ankleshwar GIDC

74

 

 

Panoli GIDC

70

 

 

Dahej GIDC

60

 

 

Zagadia GIDC

41

 

 

GNFC

125

 

 

Anubhuti Dham

75

5

04/09/2005

Bharuch District

 

 

 

Vidocon

70

 

 

Kharach

66

6

05/09/2005

Vadodara District

 

 

 

Vadodara (Gandhinagar Gruh)

1351

 

 

Nandesari GIDC

99

 

 

Waghodia GIDC

82

 

 

Savli GIDC

91

 

 

Gujarat Refinery

80

 

 

Heavy Water Projects

60

 

 

Vasana

160

 

 

Padra

175

7

06/09/2005

Anand District

 

 

 

Amul Dairy

81

 

 

Vallabh Vidhyanagar

368

 

 

Agriculture Univercity

180

 

 

WALMI

60

8

06/09/2005

Nadiad District

 

 

 

Nadiad

170

9

07/09/2005

Bhavnagar District

 

 

 

Excel

90

 

 

Nirma Limited

75

 

 

Chitra GIDC

60

 

 

Tagdi

55

 

 

Alang

82

 

 

Mahuva

94

10

07/09/2005

Amreli District

 

 

 

Rajula (Ultra Tech)

105

11

08/09/2005

Junagadh District

 

 

 

Veraval (Indian Rayon)

78

 

 

Junagadh GIDC

92

 

 

Agriculture Univercity

240

12

08/09/2005

Rajkot District

 

 

 

Jetpur

50

13

09/09/2005

Porbandar District

 

 

 

Porbandar (Saurastra Chem)

150

 

 

Ranavav (Sau. Chem)

250

14

10/09/2005

Jamnagar District

 

 

 

Mithapur (2 Prog.)

220

 

 

GSFC, Dig. Cement

191

 

 

Digjam Mills

170

15

11/09/2005

Rajkot district

 

 

 

Suraksha Rally

750

 

 

Maniar Hall

1200

 

 

Shapur

125

 

 

Metoda GIDC

120

 

 

Rajkot Engg. Association

200

16

12/09/2005

Rakot District

 

 

 

Saurastra Univercity (2 Prog.)

210

 

 

Samay Elctronics

202

 

 

Arunoday Mills

90

 

 

Gangotri Tiles

80

 

 

Dasha Srimali Wadi

255

17

13/09/2005

Kutch District

 

 

 

Gandhidham (COC)

125

 

 

Kandla Port Trust

52

 

 

IFFCO Kandla

90

 

 

Anjar Welspun

96

 

 

Bhachau Kargil Ltd

125

18

14/09/2005

Surendranagar District

 

 

 

Wadhvan GIDC

250

19

14/09/2005

Mahesana District

 

 

 

Mahesana D S Dairy

600

 

 

Ratnamani Tubes

200

 

 

Pino Bisaza Glass

155

 

 

GEB

120

20

15/09/2005

Sabarkantha District

 

 

 

Sabar Dairy

280

 

 

Gujarat Ambuja

87

 

 

Town Hall (Himmatnagar)

1012

21

15/09/2005

Ahmedabad District

 

 

 

Vatwa GIDC

150

 

 

Narol GIDC

135

 

 

Naroda (Reliance Ind.)

265

22

16/09/2005

Ahmedabad District

 

 

 

Bavla Changodar

252

 

 

Dholka GIDC

130

 

 

Sanad IOC

125

23

16/09/2005

Gandhinagar District

 

 

 

IFFCO Kalol

146

 

 

GEB Power House

198

 

 

Narmada Water Res. Dept

56

 

 

Gandhinagar GIDC

80

24

17/09/2005

Ahmedabad District

 

 

 

Viramgam Fire Inst.

300

 

 

Naroda Ashoka Spintex

182

 

 

Khokhra Ahima

282

 

 

Odhav GIDC ATE

170

 

 

Khatraj Arvind Mills

145

25

18/09/2005

Ahmedabad District

 

 

 

Summarize Ceremony - ATIRA

475

Any one can say that this campaign is very successful because total 109 programmes were held in total 19 districts and total participant was 16545. And at the last day i.e. on 18/09/2005 in summarize ceremony total 475 participants took part. In all above programmes participants were middle managements and top managements of various industries.
In this campaign various speakers give stress on mental stability during the disaster. If anybody have enough knowledge regarding action taken during the disaster but at the time of disaster if mental stability will disturb than knowledge will be useless. So for creating mental stability co-ordination between scientific & spiritual knowledge will play very vital role. If anybody want to improve quality of human life it is possible only by mental peace only. International speakers like Mr. Mohan Singhal, Dr. Swaminathan, Mr. Bharat Bhushan, Mr. Jawaharbhai gave their thoughts on mental stability during the disaster and also gave some examples which touches to the heart of the participants. Also they narrates anybody who have enough knowledge of disaster management but if at the time of disaster their mind will unstable than all the disaster management planning will be useless.

Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health, Gujarat State plays an important role in Industrial disaster by way of off-site and on-site emergency plan. Both type of plan will be rehearsed periodically. This rehearsal will educate the person how to act at the time of disaster and also minimize the mistake during the rehearsal. But at the time of disaster if all key person will loose their mental stability and within time frame could not able to take quick and positive decision than all the disaster management plan will be of no use. Because this plan are made with an intension to minimize the human life and damage the property both. But this is possible only when quick and positive decision can fulfill the intension of the plan. So mental stability during the disaster will successfully handle the disaster.

For achieving said goal this campaign was held in Gujarat State. During this campaign many different events have been created. Glimpses of the Disaster Management Awareness Campaign are as under

“SAFETY RATH” which started from Valsad district from Atul Limited with a message of “Managing Disaster Effectively “ & “Manage The Self Perfectly
Flag Hosting ceremony by Dignitaries Rajyogini Shree Sarladidi, Dr. K U Mistry Retd. Chairman GPSC, Mr. N D Joshiyara, Director Industrial Safety & Health,
Gathering at Essar Steels Ltd., Surat Hazira.
Lighting of lamp in the biggest gathering and participation at Vadodara in Gandhinagar Gruh.
 
Programme at Vallabh Vidhyanagar.
Programme in Bramhakumari Kendra at Porbandar with the blessing of “BABA”
Self Disciplined Safety Rally at Rajkot District. In this rally total participants are 750 with fire tender. Anyone can see the discipline of the participants.
Pledge taking at Surendranagar.
Programme at Ahoka spintex, Ahmedabad. With International Speaker
Mr. Mohanbhai Singhal
Summarize ceremony at ATIRA Ahmedabad with dignitaries on dais
Summarize ceremony at ATIRA Ahmedabad all participant taking safety pledge.





















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